Image from from http://www.foodinsight.org/sites/default/files/styles/main_image_for_details/public/nanotechnology.jpg?itok=IBo8QSDG
By now, most people have heard of what Nanotechnology is. Nanotechnology is the study of things that are measured in nanometers. It is a technology that is difficult to talk about, because it can be used in so many different ways. Nanotechnology is probably going to be one of the things that defines this generation. Its potential to change our world has been measured on the same scale as the internet. With something that big, I want to make something that I can refer back to when doing other articles about nanotechnology. To do this I’m going to start at the beginning.
What is Nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology is technology that works with the dimensions less than one hundred nanometers. To give you an idea of how small that is, two nanometers is the size of DNA. The technology is mainly used to manipulate matter at the atomic scale.
The science began in 1959 by physicist Richard Feynman, but the term nanotechnology wasn’t used until 1974. The term didn’t get popular until 1986, when Eric Drexler wrote a book called Engines of Creations: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology. In the book, he proposed the idea of a nanoscale assembler, which had the ability to build copies of itself. The book brought the nanotechnology to the public.
Gray Goo and Nano Assembler:
The book would give life to the great fear of nanotechnology known as gray goo. It is a hypothetical end of the world scenario that robots will consume matter and replicate themselves until there is nothing left. Though it is something popular culture has held onto, most scientists don’t even consider it a possibility. Even Eric Drexler, the man who started the idea, has made public efforts to retract the idea.
The theory of a nano assember though has started the idea of using nanotechnology to explore the galaxy. Pretty much the idea is we send an assembler to a planet. It will land, create ten more, and send them off to other planets. This process will continue outward for almost an unlimited amount of time.
Carbon atoms, environmentalist hate them, nanotechnology loves them. In 1985, scientists at Rice University discovered the carbon sixty atom. This atom was the first molecule discovered that fell into the fullerene family.
Fullerene atoms are hollow molecules that come in several different shapes. The most important ones for nanotechnology is the sphere, and tube shaped molecules. When shaped like a sphere the carbon sixty molecule is commonly referred to as a bucky ball. When shaped like a tube it is known as a carbon nanotube.
Both of those types of carbon atoms have their uses, but the carbon nanotubes is one of the most versatile elements. Nanotubes cables have been made that exceed the conductivity of copper and aluminum cables, and are the highest conductivity non-metal cable. They have also been looked at for structural work. They have created walled and multi-walled nanotubes that produce materials that are tougher than man-made or natural materials. The potential applications for nanotubes also include solar cells, hydrogen storage, batteries, and several other applications.
One of the most talked about things in nanotechnology is the possibilities it has in medical technology. Now I’m just going to skim the surface of what scientist are currently working on because I’m probably going to be doing more than one nanotechnology article in the future, and I want to do those in real depth. So if there is something you would like me to talk about in the future, please a comment at the bottom.
Nanotechnology has been changing the way people look at everything. Nowhere does it show up more than in the medical field. The old way of medicine is you create a drug, and it is for the entire market. The biggest change nanotechnology is bringing to the medical field is the medicine is tailored towards you. The drugs they give will work better with your body than with anyone else. The cancer treatment will target only the cancer and not everything else.
Other areas of research is just making the human body better. They create artificial nerve cells so someone can walk after being injured. Artificial red blood cells, that carry more oxygen than normal red blood cells, go throughout your body. They give oxygen when the body needs it making it possible to run for longer periods. They can also keep you alive during a heart attack.
The medical community is using nanotechnology to take down some of the scariest things we have to deal with today, but it is overplayed a little. People say that we can practically become immortal from the innovations. We may conquer cancer, and no longer have to worry about heart disease, but disease will still be here. I celebrate the innovation of nanotechnology. But I don’t think in thirty to forty years we will be immortal like some.
However, I will be doing more research into this in the coming months. If there is something, you want me to research feel free to leave a comment below.
Confused why this is here? I would be to. Nanotechnology is something that most people would consider used for serious things, but what if I told you that the Romans were capable of it. Would you be shocked? Considering we weren’t able to look at a nanoparticle until the mid-1990s, I would.
The art piece is called Lycurgus cup, and the cup has dichroic glass. Dichroic glass changes color depending on the lighting conditions. When researchers looked into the Lycurgus cup, they found tiny nanoparticles of gold and silver dispersed throughout the glass making it change from red to green depending on how it was in the light. This is the earliest creation in nanotechnology.
Nanotechnology is going to be a great revolution. I skimmed the surface of what nanotechnology has to offer, and I have only just begun writing articles. If you have any questions, feel free to post them.
Also, don’t forget to like our Facebook page Chronicles of Hazard City, and our twitter page @ChronicleofHC.
Thanks for reading have a great night.